Skin Problems and Its Reasons

Skin is marked by the outer most covering of the human body and is by far the largest organ present in the human body system. It extends around a range of about 20 square feet. It primarily acts as a protective covering of the body causing resistance to the bacteria, fungus and different other microorganisms and also from other environmental factors like the temperature and dust particles. The outer layer of the skin is called the epidermis layer. Under the epidermis layer, we have mainly four different types of skin cells. Skin cells are one of the fastest growing cells present in the human body. Different types of cells constitute the skin. They are the melanocytes, the keratinocytes, Langerhans cells and last but not the least the merkel cells.


Skin problems are very much common in its occurrence due to several environmental causes and also due to some genetic effect. Most of the skin problems are minor in nature and if treated well gets removed after a certain time interval. However, in a certain condition when the body is in a compromised condition like HIV-AIDS (Acquired Immuno Deficiency Syndrome), these problems can cause serious illness. There are hundreds of condition that result into skin disorder, however, maintaining a proper hygiene can keep many of them away.

Common skin disorders
  • Acne- It is very common in its occurrence and is located mainly in the facial and neck region. The main reason for the acne is the bacteria Propionibacterium acne, which causes nodules and painful cysts on the skin.
  • Eczema- It is a condition that happens due to hypersensitive action of the immune system causing inflammation along with itchy sensation.
  • Dandruff- In this condition, certain white flakes appears on the skin causing severe itching and also pungent smell in certain cases.
  • Melanoma- Melanoma is a form of skin cancer that happens due to the damage of the skin cells by the harmful ultra-violet rays of the sun.
  • There are many such conditions that affect the constitution of the skin causing skin disease.
Why is the treatment is time taking?

Skin treatments are very much time taking as most of the skin diseases are caused by the fungus species. The cellular condition of the fungus's is almost the same as that of the human beings as both are eukaryotic (modern nucleus) organisms. So when a medicine is applied the drug takes some time to identify the difference between the external organism (fungus) and the host (human beings). However, presently new type o9f treatment like the laser techniques has improved the treatment method.

Skin specialists

Pollution has caused a lot of ill effects to the earth and also to the human beings. It is due to this pollution we are having more amount of cosmic as well as UV (ultra-violet) rays enter the earth’s atmosphere. And as a result skin disorders are occurring in abundance. Every city in India has a group of good doctors regarding the skin problems. You could find the best skin specialist in Mumbai those are always instructing of sing proper sun protecting agents to avoid those harmful rays.

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